soviet Invasion of Afghanistan (December 1979)

White House and the Kremlin to the periphery. Therefore, it is vital to bridge an understanding and elaborate on those short-term factors that caused this volte-face from March to December. 525,000 in the Army, 90,000 with border troops and other KGB sub-units, 5,000 in independent formations of MVD Internal Troops and police. The mujahideen used mine warfare heavily. The international diplomatic response was severe, ranging from stern warnings to a boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. Daouds middle course ended in disaster. Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response.

The, soviet, afghan War lasted over nine years, from. December 1979 to February 1989. Insurgent groups known collectively as the mujahideen, as well as smaller Maoist groups, fought a guerrilla war against the. Soviet, army and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan government, mostly in the rural countryside.

TalibanStripping the Indentities of Afghanistan Women, Scenery in The Quiet Man and December Bride, Marshal Aid and Soviet Expantion,

47 As archival documents highlight, Brezhnev was strongly committed to dtente and was concerned with American views of the Soviets had they intervened in Afghanistan immediately after the Herat Uprising. In all, the Soviet force was comprised of around 1,800 T-62s, 80,000 men, and 2,000 AFVs The Afghan government repeatedly requested the introduction of Soviet forces in Afghanistan in the spring and summer of 1979. They concentrated on knocking out bridges, closing major roads, destroying convoys, disrupting the electric power system and industrial production, and attacking police stations and Soviet military installations and air bases. There were 115,308 cases of infectious hepatitis, 31,080 of typhoid fever and 140,665 of other diseases. In response, Daoud hoped to mitigate both of these threats by steering Afghanistan away from Soviet influence and improving.S. As Ouimet explains, dtente constrained the Soviets from acting as freely on the basis of upholding socialist internationalism like in Hungary or Czechoslovakia, to save a Third World communist coup. World reaction.S President Jimmy Carter indicated that the Soviet incursion was "the most serious threat to the peace since the Second World War." Carter later placed an embargo on shipments of commodities such as grain and high technology to the Soviet Union from the. By the winter of 1979, faced with mutinies and an uncertain leadership, the Afghan Army was unable to provide basic security to the government against the onslaught of Islamic fighters nearing Kabul. Milan Hauner cited Russias inherent desire to control Afghanistan, stemming from the Great Game (1813-1907 through which they would have access into warm water ports and the Gulf oilfields.