a time when the world revolutionary wave which arose out. Similarly, the CCP never, overcame many of its initial confusions, especially on the question of nationalism. Maring (alias Sneevliet) had, after friendly discussions with Sun Yat-sen, laid the groundwork for an alliance between the, CCP and the Kuomintang. September 28th : Six liberal reformists are beheaded. Very quickly the Chinese capitalists learned that they had much more in common with the foreign imperialists than with their workers. August : Peng Dehuai sacked as defence minister and held under house arrest. The Communist Party, far from struggling against these illusions, reinforced them to the hilt, not only by calling on the workers to fight for the victory of the Kuomintang, but also by restraining workers strikes or peasant land seizures when they threatened to go too. Communists and other working class militants were arrested, and the headquarters of the Canton-Hong Kong strike committee was raided. Thus Chiang was able to carefully prepare his counter-attack. Britain, France, and later Japan and the USA treated China as a colony, carving it up in their own interests and using it as a massive outlet for their surplus commodities. The Boxers and sections of the Qing Imperial Army begin attacking foreign legations in Tianjin and Beijing. Chiangs troops made spectacular progress against the northern militarists, largely thanks to the waves of workers strikes and peasant revolts which helped disintegrate the northern forces from the rear.
Stalinism represented the final triumph of the bourgeois counter-revolution in Russia and in the Communist International. 1839-42, the First Opium War with Britain. The dire consequence of this soon became apparent. October 10th : The Wuchang Uprising or Double Tenth Uprising breaks out among soldiers in Hubei, sparking other localised revolts.
April : Fearing a massacre of foreigners in China, Western navies begin increasing their presence off the Chinese coast. 1814, the first recorded conversion of Chinese people to Christianity. By 1928 the Stalinists had won total mastery of the Russian party; even the Left Opposition had been expelled and the bureaucracy was ready to begin its programme of frenzied militarization and industrialization in preparation for the next world imperialist carnage. April 17th : The first Sino-Japanese War ends after seven months, the outcome a humiliating defeat for China which is forced to cede control of Korea and Taiwan. On the world arena, the same needs resulted in the growing subordination of the international revolution to the Russian states search for alliances and economic aid in the outside world. But in Canton and Hong Kong the organization of the strike was assumed by an embryonic soviet, the Strikers Delegate Conference. 1893, december 26th : Mao Zedong is born to a peasant family in Hunan province. It is quickly defeated and Sun is forced into exile in Japan. The number of Christian converts in China grows steadily through the 1800s. September 6th : Seeking entry into Chinese commerce, the United States proposes the Qing rulers adopt an open door trade policy. November 24th : Sun Yixian forms the Revive China Society in Hawaii.