(Tanzania) and South West Africa (Namibia). Bismarck laid out the next stage of his plans in his most famous parliamentary address, the Blood and Iron Speech: Prussia must concentrate and maintain its power for the favorable moment which has already slipped by several times. Bismarck's policies, especially the buildup of the Prussian army, led to conflict with the liberal-dominated Lower House of the Prussian parliament, which resisted his proposals to pay for the increase in military expenditures with new taxes until Bismarck and the crown agreed to lasting constitutional. (He remarked that the area was not the healthy bones of single Pomeranian musketeer.) However he was worried about Austrian-Russian rivalry in the region. During the same period Bismarck encouraged French colonial expansion. In 1870 Bismarck engineered another war, this time against France. Austria had been weakened by reverses abroad, including the loss of territory in Italy, and by the 1860s, because of clumsy diplomacy, had no foreign allies outside Germany. German Unification Before 1870, economic success, political failure, and diplomatic tension marked the idea of a unified Germany in the period after the Napoleonic Wars. As he said you forget the importance of being a party of three on the European chessboard. German Nationalism and Religious Conflict: Culture, Ideology, and Politics.
Bismarck's major war aim-the voluntary entry of the south German states into a constitutional German nation-state-occurred during the patriotic frenzy generated by stunning military victories against French forces in the fall of 1870. Dreikaiserbund (the League of the Three Emperors) between Germany, Austria and Russia was an example of Bismarcks policy of isolating France. The division was not just political, Charlemagnes former eastern empire retained Germanic language and culture while France developed its own language and customs. . Combined with a mastery of railroads to quickly move and concentrate armies, German armies captured Paris in less than a year. The Ring Cycle operas, perhaps his greatest works, were composed and first staged in 1876, shortly after Germany unified. After fierce resistance the Turks surrendered and signed the Treaty of San Stefano in March. I am happy that you are using this web site and hope that you found it useful. It also prohibited the slave trade. However, proponents of Kleindeutsch, Lesser Germany, argued that Austria should be excluded from unification due to dynastic rivalry between the Hohenzollerns and the Hapsburgs and the cultural differences between a mostly Protestant Prussia and Catholic Austria. The Renewal of the Dreikaiserbund Russia was worried by her diplomatic isolation and sought to reach an understanding with Germany and Austria.